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Gom Cay Mai

Trong dong gom Sai Gon xua, gom Cay Mai noi len nhu mot hien tuong cua Sai Gon – Cho Lon xu Nam ky nhung nam cuoi the ky 19. Day la mot dong gom my thuat do cac nghe nhan nguoi Hoa cua Cho Lon che tac

Ten goi gom Cay Mai trong xom Lo Gom bat nguon tu dia danh Don Cay Mai (nay la goc duong Hung Vuong – Nguyen Thi Nho), mot trong nhieu khu lo cua gom Sai Gon xua chuyen san xuat tu cac vat dung sinh hoat den cac san pham phuc vu nhu cau trang tri.

Nhung hieu lo noi tieng

Gom my thuat Cay Mai, xua den nay luon la muc tieu san lung cua gioi dam me co ngoan – nhung nguoi yeu thich ve dep gom my thuat trang men De ngan/ Mai khu cua Sai Gon xua

Noi ve gom Cay Mai, xin tam chia thanh hai dong pho bien: mot dong chuyen san xuat cac do gia dung gom muong, chen, am tra, binh ruou, tho, sieu, noi co tay cam, chau (viem hay con goi la vim), hu, ong nho, thap, lu… Nhung ten lo thuoc dong nay co the ke den nhu Cay Keo, Hung Loi (qua cac hien vat khai thac duoc).

Den cuoi the ky 19, xuat hien them nhu cau san pham vua mang tinh hien dai (Au – Tay) vua dap ung chat luong va my thuat cua nguoi tieu dung. Dong gom Cay Mai tien them mot bac la cho ra doi san pham dung trang tri dinh chua, den mieu, nha o… Nhung vat pham cao cap nay giup dinh danh gom Cay Mai trong dong gom Sai Gon xua nhu mot tuyet dinh ve ky thuat lam gom my thuat do nhung nghe nhan nguoi Hoa o Cho Lon tac tao.

Nhung ten lo thuoc dong gom my thuat Cay Mai duoc biet den qua nhung hien vat hiem hoi (chu yeu la tuong trang tri, tuong tho) cho thay ro ten tuoi va duoc luu giu tai cac dinh chua trong khu vuc Cho Lon va rai rac trong cac dinh chua, nha dan o khap vung Nam ky. Co the ke den nhung ten quen thuoc nhu lo Dong Hoa, Buu Nguyen, Mai Son… Cac san pham gom phu men doc dao, thoat nhin rat tho moc, don gian, nhung an chua net cong phu trong che tac, chuan muc trong tao hinh, ky luong trong cham men, hai hoa trong bo cuc tong the. Moi san pham nhu the la mot tuyet tac my thuat, dai dien cho mot dong gom dac trung cua Sai Gon xua trong ban do gom Viet.

Ve dep gom Cay Mai

My thuat trong gom Cay Mai duoc lot ta bang ky thuat phu men. Theo gioi ky thuat gom su, bang mau men cua gom Cay Mai khong phong phu, tham chi ngheo nan, gom nhung mau nhu xanh cobalt, xanh luc dau, xanh ve chai, nau, den, trang, vang, do. The nhung, khi ket hop cung cac san pham duoc tao ra tu chat lieu dat co mau vang, rat mem va min o vung Don Cay Mai, cac mau men da gop phan tao nen “chiec ao” my thuat hoan hao va ben mai voi thoi gian. 

Theo tai lieu nghien cuu cua Huynh Ngoc Trang, lo Cay Mai san xuat do sanh moi nam ra lo 1.000 lu lon dung nuoc, 250.000 san pham du loai khac va 150.000 binh dung thuoc phien. Lo Cay Mai duoc khen thuong mot huy chuong bac tai cuoc trien lam 1880 tai Nam ky

Nhung san pham tieu bieu cua dong gom Cay Mai phu men nay van con kha nhieu, nhu cac loai don, chau canh, voi ky thuat tao hinh bang ban xoay va trang tri tren than chau bang cac hoa tiet duoc in khuon, cat dan, dap theo loi phu dieu. Dac biet la ky thuat cham long, khac chim to men o cac loai don ke chau kieng ngoai san vuon. Loi cham lung, dap noi, phu men o cac the loai don tron, don luc giac, bat giac duoc xem la mot tien de sau nay cua dong gom Bien Hoa. Ba hieu truong Balick (nguoi Phap), nguoi sang lap ra truong My nghe Bien Hoa - da tao nen dong gom Bien Hoa xua (cung voi ky thuat khac chim to men) bang cach pha tron hai hoa giua gom Sai Gon (ma dai dien tieu bieu la gom Cay Mai) va dong gom Limoges cua Phap.

O cac dinh chua cua nguoi Hoa trong Cho Lon, rat de thay nhung hien vat cua gom Cay Mai, cac loai tuong, tieu tuong, linh vat… ngu tren noc dinh chua, tuong trong gian tho. Mot san pham dac biet va doc ban cua gom Cay Mai nay con nguyen ven la tam Chieu Bich Cuu Long nam chinh dien Chua Ba (duong Nguyen Trai). Tac pham gom 25 mieng ghep the hien 9 con rong an hien trong may rat sinh dong va an tuong.

Nhung hien vat gom Cay Mai con kha nhieu trong dan gian o Nam ky gom muong, binh, bat, chen, lu, hu, binh ruou voi cac ky tu chu Han thuong gap nhu: Hung Loi dieu, Viet Loi, Kim Ngoc, Chan Hoa xuat pham, Nhat phien bang tam, Khach lai duong tuu, Van ung duoc tuu, Song hy… Chinh su bien doi qua som cua thi truong da khien gom Cay Mai that truyen tu nhung nam dau the ky 20. Cac tho gom Cay Mai tan mac ve Lai Thieu, Bien Hoa, lap lo gom, tao ra nhung dong gom trang men Lai Thieu dac trung voi cac lo cua nguoi Tieu, nguoi Quang, hay dong gom Bien Hoa dac trung voi mau men xanh dong tro bong, cung da khang dinh duoc ten tuoi va ve dep trong ban do gom su Viet Nam.

Gom my thuat Cay Mai, tu xua den nay, luon la muc tieu san lung cua gioi dam me co ngoan – nhung nguoi yeu thich ve dep gom my thuat trang men De ngan/Mai khu cua Sai Gon xua.

Hieu lo Cho Ray Mai Son

Hieu lo Dong Hoa dieu tao

Nhung hoa tiet dap cham cong phu

Nhung san pham tieu bieu cua dong gom Cay Mai phu men nay van con lai kha nhieu nhu cac loai don, chau canh, voi ky thuat tao hinh bang ban xoay va trang tri ben than chau bang cac hoa tiet duoc in khuon, cat dan, dap theo loi phu dieu

Lam Phong