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Nhung loi thuong gap trong may tinh va cach khac phuc (Phan 2)
Nhung loi thuong gap lien quan den he thong va phan cung

O phan truoc, chung toi da gioi thieu den ban nhung loi xay ra khi ket noi mang va duyet web. Trong phan nay, chung toi tiep tuc gioi thieu den ban nhung loi thuong gap phai lien quan den phan cung, bo nho va file he thong cung nhu cach thuc khac phuc neu gap cac loi nay.

Loi “NTLDR is Missing”

Co nhieu cach khac nhau de thong bao loi mat file NTLDR, thong thuong nhu sau:

- "NTLDR is missing
Press any key to restart
"

- "NTLDR is missing
Press Ctrl Alt Del to restart
"

- "Boot: Couldn't find NTLDR
Please insert another disk
"

Loi "NTLDR is missing” xuat hien khong lau sau khi khoi dong may. Windows XP chi moi bat dau load thi thong bao loi xuat hien.

Nguyen nhan

Co nhieu kha nang gay ra loi NTLDR. Ly do pho bien nhat la khi may tinh dang boot tu o cung hay o flash gan ngoai ma lai khong duoc dinh dang chinh xac. Dieu nay cung co the xay ra neu ban boot tu o quang (CD Rom) hay o dia mem.

Cac kha nang khac bao gom hong file he thong, van de voi o cung va he dieu hanh, BIOS qua han (het pin CMOS), cap IDE bi hong…Loi nay chi xay ra cho he dieu hanh Windows XP, bao gom Windows XP Professional va Windows XP Home Edition. Windows Vista khong su dung NTLDR.

Khac phuc

1. Khoi dong lai may.

2. Kiem tra o dia cung va o quang.

Neu ban thay day la nguyen nhan cua van de, ban co the can nhac thay doi lenh boot trong BIOS. (thay doi de may tinh khoi dong tu o cung hay tu CDRom, tuy truong hop).

3. Kiem tra o cung va cac thiet lap trong BIOS.

4. Khoi phuc NTLDR va file ntdetect.com tu dia cai dat Windows XP.

5. Tao phan vung boot moi trong Windows XP.

6. Mo case cua may tinh ra va kiem tra xem cac day noi o cung toi mach chu co dung khong. Neu khong giai quyet duoc thi thay day moi va thu lai.

7. Update BIOS cua mainboard.

8. Cai lai Windows XP. Viec nay se xoa hoan toan Windows XP trong may ban va cai lai. Du no se giai quyet hau het loi NTLDR, nhung ban nen nho phai sao luu lai nhung du lieu quan trong truoc khi tien hanh (thao o cung gan vao may tinh khac de sao luu).

9. Neu moi cach deu that bai, co the ban dang co van de voi o cung. Hay thay o cung va cai moi Windows XP.

Loi “D3dx9_36.dll Not Found” 

Loi D3dx9_36.dll co the xuat hien voi cac thong bao nhu sau:

- "D3DX9_36.DLL Not Found", "File d3dx9_36.dll not found"

- "The file d3dx9_36.dll is missing"

- "D3DX9_36.DLL is missing. Replace D3DX9_36.DLL and try again."

- "D3dx9_36.dll not found. Reinstalling might help fix this."

- "Missing component d3dx9_36.dll

Loi D3dx9_36.dll xuat hien khi mot chuong trinh phan mem, thuong la game duoc kich hoat.

Nguyen nhan

Loi d3dx9_36.dll la do van de voi Microsoft DirectX. File d3dx9_36.dll la mot trong nhieu file tuong tu chua trong DirectX. Vi DirectX duoc su dung trong hau het game va cac chuong trinh do hoa cap cao dua tren Windows nen loi d3dx9_36.dll chi xay ra khi su dung nhung chuong trinh nay. Bat cu he dieu hanh nao cua Microsoft, tu Windows 98 cho den Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Vista deu co the bi anh huong boi d3dx9_36.dll.

Khac phuc

Trong bat cu tinh huong nao dung download file d3dx9_36.dll moi tu cac site. Vi nhieu ly do, viec nay khong tot chut nao. (dac biet, nhung file download duoc tu Internet an chua nhung nguy co chua virus rat cao). Neu ban da download, hay xoa no di.

1. Khoi dong lai may.

2. Cai dat ban moi nhat cua Microsoft DirectX 9

3. Neu dung ban DirectX moi nhat cua Microsoft khong giup sua loi, hay tim chuong trinh cai DirectX trong game hay CD/DVD. Thong thuong, neu game hay chuong trinh su dung DirectX, cac nha phat trien phan mem se luu mot ban DirectX trong dia cai.

4. Xoa bo game hay phan mem roi cai lai.

5. Khoi phuc file d3dx9_36.dll tu goi phan mem DirectX 9.

Loi “Res://ieframe.dll/dnserror.htm#”

Loi ieframe.dll kha la khac nhau va that su phu thuoc vao nguyen nhan cua van de. Mot vai trong nhung thong bao loi ieframe.dll pho bien nhat nhu sau:

- “Res://ieframe.dll/dnserror.htm#","File Not Found

- C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\IEFRAME.DLL”…

Nhung kieu loi ieframe.dll “not found” hay “missing” thuong gap nhat xay ra khi su dung Internet Explorer 7 hay Visual Basic 6. Thong bao "Res://ieframe.dll/dnserror.htm" va nhung thong bao lien quan thuong gap hon va hien ra trong cua so trinh duyet Internet Explorer 7.

Nguyen nhan

Loi ieframe.dll lien quan den IE 7. Trong nhieu truong hop, cai dat IE 7 se gay ra loi nay. Nhung nguyen nhan khac bao gom virus, Windows Update, thiet lap sai firewall, phan mem bao mat qua han…

Khac phuc

Trong bat cu tinh huong nao, ban cung dung download file ieframe.dll tu cac site. Vi nhieu ly do da duoc neu o tren. Neu ban da download, hay xoa no di. Lam theo 1 trong cac phuong phap sau de khac phuc loi:

1. Khoi dong lai may tinh.

2. Cai dat ban moi nhat cua Internet Explorer. Cho du ban thieu file ieframe.dll hay gap thong bao loi ve no, cai lai hoac nang cap ban moi nhat cua Internet Explorer se giai quyet moi van de voi file ieframe.dll.

3. Ban dang dung Visual Basic 6 de lap trinh ? Dung lo, doi reference trong Microsoft Internet Controls tu ieframe.dll thanh shdocvw.ocx. Luu project lai roi mo no sau.

4. Khoi dong lai router, switch, modem va bat cu thu gi dung de ket noi Internet hay cac may tinh khac trong duong mang cua ban. Neu van de nam o nhung thu nay thi khoi dong lai co the giai quyet duoc.

5. Quet virus tren may tinh. Thinh thoang loi ieframe.dll la do may ban nhiem virus.

6. Tat Windows Firewall trong Windows XP neu ban da cai firewall khac. Chay 2 ung dung firewall cung luc co the gay nen su co nen neu ban co cac phan mem nhu ZoneAlarm, Norton Personal Firewall, Comodo Firewall…, sau do ban khong nen chay dong thoi firewall cua Windows.

Chu y: Cho du ban khang dinh Windows firewall da bi tat, hay kiem tra lai. Vai chuong trinh bao mat cua Microsoft co the tu dong bat firewall.

7. Update tat ca nhung firewall khong phai cua Microsoft va nhung phan mem bao mat khac.

Chu y: Neu ban da dung ban moi nhat cua phan mem bao mat, hay thu xoa no di roi cai lai. Viec cai lai co the chan duoc thong bao loi ieframe.dll.

8. Den trang Windows Update (
http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com/) va cai bat cu ban cap nhat nao ma Microsoft de nghi. Co the nhung ban nang cap truoc do cua Microsoft da gay ra loi, cai ban nang cap co the giai quyet.

9. Xoa cac file temporary trong Internet Exploer 7. Vai loi ieframe.dll co the do cac file temporary.

10. Tat cac add-on cua Internet Exploer 7 tung cai mot. Mot trong so cac add-on co the la nguyen nhan gay loi.

11. Thiet lap bao mat cua Internet Exploer 7 ve mac dinh. Vai chuong trinh, ke ca cac ban cap nhat cua Microsoft thinh thoang thay doi cac thiet lap bao mat.

12. Dua thu muc IE7 Temporary Files ve vi tri mac dinh trong Windows XP. Neu thu muc Temporary Internet Files bi di chuyen khoi vi tri ban dau, cho du co bat ca Protected Mode lan Phishing Filter, loi ieframe.dll van se xay ra.

13. Tat Phishing Filter trong IE 7. Day khong phai y hay neu ban khong cai phishing filter khac, nhung trong vai truong hop no giup giai quyet loi ieframe.dll.

14. Tat Protected Mode trong IE 7. Trong vai truong hop cu the, no giup giai quyet loi ieframe.dll.

Con rat nhieu loi lien quan den he thong va phan cung ma chung ta thuong gap phai trong qua trinh su dung may tinh, Dan Tri se tiep tuc gioi thieu den ban o phan sau.

Theo Dan Tri